October2-3, 2014 







The problem of creating the history of world philosophy in the light of the evolution of science 


Dr. Zumrud Kulizade


The problem of creating the history of world philosophy in the light of the evolution of science and multiculturalism (Reflections on the concept and structure) Given the level of the audience, the limited speaking time and their publication on the topic under discussion in the press and on the Internet, as proposed to discuss the problem represented by a series of abstracts. The first point relates to the need correcting the main content of the conceptual apparatus of cultural studies and the rod of her philosophy in relation to modern discoveries and hypotheses in the field of astronomy, physics, genetics, archeology and other sciences. Boson Hicks plasmoids information provided by DNA blood card, new discoveries in the history of civilizations, and dozens of others have questioned previously seemed to us a relatively clear and convincing scientific understanding of the material and the ideal, physical and spiritual, including the presentation of the content of the concepts "being "," knowledge "," ethnicity "," ethno-national, regional, global culture "and, accordingly," ethno-national, regional and global philosophy "; changing understanding of the concept of "development". On correcting the data content and a number of other categories of global science and related approach to solving the fundamental problem of our performance, namely, the establishment of general work on the history of world philosophy.  The question of multiculturalism, a phenomenon which in the past and the present are connected and philosophy and its history.      

Relationship between culture was universal laws ensuring the survival and development of the historical society. Known since ancient times, this relationship was the cause of his diverse musical and migration processes. These processes are historically determined by the nature of cultural development (active or slow it down), is an integral part of socio-cultural relations. They were associated with a variety of influencing factors on them, among which an important place occupied by policy authorities: their benevolence, loyalty or opposition to the cultures, so-called, is now in the literature "non-titular" nations of the population of the state.        

We also know that, historically, both in the East and in the West (Ancient East, Ancient Greece, Eastern and European Renaissance and. Tons. Etc., etc.) multiculturalism has generally encouraged the development of culture. As an example, given the inadequacy of the relationship to the cultural history of the region of Islam, can refer to the induced synthesis of cultures flourishing of culture in the countries of the Caliphate. Supported recall this synthesis, in politics Caliphate teachings of Islam about the benevolent attitude to the believers in one God and many times repeated in the Qur'an call for benevolence to strangers. Ups culture in any country, as a rule, have been associated with the synthesis of cultures.        

Multivalued content notion of multiculturalism, especially widely used in the modern world, perhaps, it would be correct to interpret primarily as a policy in the state with a diverse population with respect to the culture of non-titular nations and, therefore, living in the State of carriers of these cultures.        

 In the modern, global, social and cultural development, with scattered era of crises, with all of these crises traits, attitudes toward multiculturalism in the policies of some of the leading countries of the so-called West (Europe and America) has found ambiguous. The governments of the previously hailed as a triumph of democracy and humanism of its policy presence and development in their countries of cultures of non-titular nations have dramatically changed the attitude towards multiculturalism as equality crops to subsistence and development; reported rejection of this policy and its preference policy of cultural assimilation of so-called aliens, about the need to rule in the territory of their countries first and only spiritual culture of the titular nation. Such policies have a representation of the universal values ​​and, of course, contributed to the development of social contradictions and protest, for flagrantly violate the previously enunciated in these states the rights and freedoms of the individual. One striking example of the above is the situation in Ukraine, where the ratio of the Russian language and Russian. More than 20 years ago it took place in Azerbaijan in Karabakh where discrimination of Azerbaijanis (they were called Turks) and Muslim Armenians ended terror and genocide representatives of the Azerbaijani nation, which, by the way, unlike migrants modern West were not aliens, but the host nation Azerbaijani state, the territory of which, in the era of so-called "Reorganization" of the Soviet system, invaded Armenia in alliance with the Soviet troops. These events, for the echo sound and long-Karabakh is still sound, and not only in Ukraine, as well as the phenomenon of terrorism, which has still a relatively unified clear definition and the definition of common standards to do with them in the world of theory and practice and are the most relevant objects research and assessment. Without defining the essence, the causal relationships of phenomena of terrorism, genocide, and similar phenomena, it is impossible to propose and implement optimally effective ways to deal with them and, of course, provide an opportunity to vzaimopriyatiyu, tolerance, including the philosophy of culture, as a global system.          

A special place is now a negative manifestation of the policy of multiculturalism has on a number of governments in Europe and America, and not only them, the culture of migrants from the East.        

Among the many causes of the rejection of the culture of the East, and especially the representatives of the region's Islamic culture is prevalent in today's global consciousness, including the scientific mind, the reason for inadequate perception and, accordingly, the relationship to the culture of these peoples. In particular, inadequate and sometimes according to political ideology, elaborately "substantiated" and "justified" sharply negative, falsified interpretation of the culture of the peoples of the Islamic world.        

 Negative attitude in politics of multiculturalism, to the culture of the peoples of the East, and in particular, the culture of the peoples of the region's Islamic culture, essentially due to the lack of education and scientific information on the culture of the Orient as an integral part of world culture, nullifying the efforts to build consensus between the West and East and tolerance in modern society. The third and final thesis presentation - about the scientific, moral and political significance and relevance of creating a consolidated labor "History of World Philosophy" as an organic unity raznoregionalnyh philosophical cultures capable to some extent make up for the space called in modern public consciousness.        

At the moment, the general nature of the receiving social and cultural crisis, in particular, sharply escalating crisis in the field of ethno-national and religious relations in the name of survival of the human (individual and personality) and humanity requires active measures for the conservation of East-West consensus and tolerance.        

Implementation of this requirement may take and takes many forms, one of which is now held and Forum focused on society's tolerance through his enlightenment.        

This purpose, the formation of tolerance in the public consciousness through education can serve effectively objective scientific study and promotion through global education and media opportunities representing the global system history of spiritual culture of mankind, its various aspects, especially its stem - philosophy and its history.        

The history of world philosophy, created by analogy with the general history, the history of world literature, art, etc., would indicate the presence of philosophy as the Doctrine of Being, "the fundamental principles of" the laws and regularities in the history of global spiritual culture. Show in the history of world philosophy than confrontation, and community in the philosophical thinking of mankind, certainly contributed to the humanization of society, through the approval of the public self-tolerance and at least relative harmony in the relationship between the so-called East and West.        

However, one should take into account the reality that the philosophy of the East at the moment has not received proper scientific reporting and assessment, in the so-called European historical and philosophical research tradition. In a particularly disadvantaged as represented in the studies of the history and traditions of the present philosophical culture of the peoples of the Islamic world.        

At the moment because as obscurity and subjective negative attitude philosophy in question, it is often completely negated as a philosophy, it seems mainly IX-XIII centuries; in contrast to the Western philosophy of the Christian world, it is often completely identified with theology and mysticism, and systematically distorted as of oriental and zapadotsentrizmom; its originality is ignored even in the IX-XIII centuries, ignored its relationship to science, humanism and democracy enshrined in its teachings. Essentially uniform conditions and the position of Western philosophy and the philosophy of the Islamic world differently defined and assessed in the historical and philosophical studies of both the West and the Islamic region, which again contributes to the formation of opposition raznoregionalnyh philosophies and spiritual incompatibility peoples - their carriers.        

We offer historians of spiritual culture and, in particular, historians of philosophy seek to set out the problem, but a political and legal structures in the name of the proclaimed ideals, promote the implementation of the proposed project to create a world history of philosophy as a single equitable system of Eastern and Western philosophy, which will create opportunity for comparative analysis of philosophies of society, identifying the general and special about them, create the possibility of adequate lighting and the use of common assessment and to humanize and social tolerance.        

Like to inform the participants of the Forum, which is already more than 50 years of history of philosophy Azerbaijani researchers working on issues of theory, methodology and concepts in the history of ethno-national - Azerbaijani -filosofii philosophy and Islamic culture in the region.        

In the year 2009 the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan together with the Science Foundation of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan was held a scientific-theoretical conference devoted to discussing the philosophy of unity as a methodology for interdisciplinary research.        

As the object of discussion in creating the history of world philosophy as a methodology, we offer the philosophical concept of unity in conjunction with the principles of dialectics, Comparative and "fuzzy logic" Zadeh.        

We have repeatedly offered and continue to offer, on the basis of experience and history of Eastern philosophy with respect to unify the content of the basic categorical apparatus of future research in the field of the history of philosophy.          

The results of studies of the Azerbaijani historians of philosophy are reflected in collective volumes: Essays on the History of Philosophy of Azerbaijan (Baku 1966) in the first and second volumes (from antiquity to XVIII century inclusive) Philosophy of History of Azerbaijan (in Azeri and Russian languages ​​(Baku 2002, 2006, 2014 years), numerous monographs and articles, international scientific and theoretical forums and enjoying considerable attention of the world scientific community Internet sites (www.           For solutions in the future proposed and, hopefully, capable of humanizing the public consciousness of the problem - the creation of world history of philosophy, it is necessary to have a special structure or structures of the researchers interregional philosophical cultures.        

 At the same time, based on the experience of history and the current state of research raznoregionalnyh philosophical cultures and modern science, perhaps it would be advisable to think about creating a new multi-language philosophical terminological dictionaries, and a little later - philosophic encyclopaedia.