Problems of Oriental Philosophy
Seyid Yahya Bakuvi

The Information and Some Reflections on the Forthcoming International Scientific Conference of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Institute of Philosophy, Sociology and Law of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences on 2-3 July 2013 Dedicated to the Memory (550th Anniversary of the Death) of Seyid Yahya Bakuvi



Doctor of Philosophical Sciences,

Chief Research Associate of the Department of History of Philosophy and Social Thinking

at the Institute of Philosophy, Sociology and Law of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences,

editor-in-chief of the journal “The Problems of Oriental Philosophy”


International scientific conferences undoubtedly play a significant part in the development of science by gathering the researchers of different countries and regions around certain problems. Such significance may be augmented if the organizers of the conference will in advance provide the participants with its conception and plan which open up the aim and expected outcomes of the conference.

In the light of the above-stated, we would like to touch upon a range of problems related to the tasks of the conference dedicated to the memory of one of the founders of the theory and practice of the philosophical and religious sect Khalwatiyya covering historically the countries of the Islamic region and later the countries of the Western culture, the Azerbaijani thinker and scholar of the XV century Seyid Yahya Bakuvi. Such kind of problems, as it seems to us, can find their treatment and evaluation in the presentations and discussions of the conference, and possibly stimulate the further development of the scientific studies of the history of culture.

Taking into account the fact that the central place in Seyid Yahya Bakuvi’s activities belongs, as it is generally accepted, to the establishment by him of the doctrine Khalwatiyya which enjoyed a huge number of proponents as far back as the time of the thinker himself, as well as bearing in mind the geography of the extension of the sect and its significance in the spiritual life of the succeeding centuries including the modern age, and that  notwithstanding, the insufficient previous study of him in the scientific literature, considering the opportunities of the participants of the forthcoming conference, we would like, through the site of the journal “The Problems of Oriental Philosophy”, to suggest a range of questions targeted at reflection and further scientific researches and proposals concerning Seyid Yahya Bakuvi’s life and activities and the doctrine Khalwatiyya.

To our reckoning, it is expedient:

  1. To specify the scientific information on Seyid Yahya Bakuvi’s life and creative activities, particularly his hand-written and printed legacy. To prepare for publication in Eastern and Western languages the bibliography of the thinker’s works and of the researches about him and the sect established by him.
  2. At the present stage of the knowledge about the sect, to provide a relatively general scientific definition of his theoretical and practical view as a qualitatively defined original phenomenon, distinguished from others and having its own place in the system of Sufi doctrines.
  3. To show the theoretical dissimilarity, internal divergence and contradictions, particularly in regard with the theory of wahdat-al-wujud, widely presented in theoretical and philosophical treatises and philosophical poetry of Azerbaijan (Baba Kuhi Bakuvi, Ain al-Quzat al-Miyanaji, Mahmud Shabustari, Fazlullah Naimi, Imadaddin Nasimi and many others. See: “The History of Azerbaijani Philosophy”, V.I, II, Baku, 2002, 2006) as well as Ibn al-Arabi’s legacy (“Fusus al-Hikam”), etc.
  4. To disclose the diversity and specification of the doctrine Khalwatiyya in relations to the rationalized and irrationalized in the process of cognition as well as its attitude to the secular science in the system of education, particularly referring to Bakuvi’s own educational experience in madrasa.
  5. To elucidate the ambiguousness of the attitude of the Khalwatiyya to different trends within Islam depending on the place, time and circumstances as well as its attitude to other religions and ethnicities.
  6. To focus on the definition of the social composition and social views of the sect, proceeding from the divergences in its insights about social justice, earthly life, secular education, the attitude to women and so on. It can facilitate the scientific and objective assessment of the sect in the light of the principles and ideals of humanism and democracy in the globalized space, promote a consensus in the light of the confrontation of East and West.
  7. Of interest is the information on the attitude of the followers of the sect to the orthodox religious trends and the governments of their countries at the present stage.
  8. The conference may facilitate a more accurate presentation of the relation of the sect with the trends generated on its basis such the Gulshaniyya, Rovshaniyya, Demirtashiyya and others, and of their originality, which is necessary from the point of view of the reconstruction of the history of spiritual culture of the Islamic region; it could provide a generalized insight about the level of the present state of study of the sect in unison with its branches.
  9. As the subject-matter of discussion the conference can present questions on the psychological sources of sustainability of the theory and practice of the Khalwatiyya, on the place of the psychological factor in the dissemination of the sect in the West, in the sphere of the regions with foreign cultures as well as the possibility of its participation and role in the process of cultural globalization of the modern world with its divergent crises including the spiritual ones.
  10. The conference can also facilitate the discussion of the perspectives of developing this sect.


Addressing the above-stated questions in the process of presentations at the conference and in future as the subject-matter of reflection and studies would play a positive part in the enlightenment of modern society about the given significant phenomenon of socio-cultural development, would facilitate the research and assessment of the sect, its self-affirmation as such, as well as self-cognition and spiritual self-affirmation of its modern representatives. A complex approach to the study of the sect might stimulate either the unification or further demarcation of its branches.

The search for the answers to the raised questions might serve as a good reason for calling the conference.

Ideally, the conference can be accomplished with the decision about the establishment of a joint generalized study by the specialists which could reflect the scientific information on the Khalwatiyyatoday; elucidation of the evolution of the sect; the reasons for the society’s demand for it (with its distinctive cultural regions) at different stages of history.

By publishing, though somewhat late (the institute authorities informed about the conference at the end of May), our vision of the problems of the conference, we hope for the understanding of the researchers who will probably be interested in our reflections and suggestions.


We are ready to publish the researchers’ reaction to the proposed questions as well as their vision of the problems of the socio-cultural development, particularly of the history of the philosophy of the peoples in the Islamic world in the context of the history of the global spiritual culture and education.

The raised questions can and will be supplemented with the new ones, as a question is the beginning of the search for the Truth.

We should also state that the answers to the proposed questions have found their reflection to a certain extent in the Azerbaijani scholars’ studies dedicated to the legacy of Seyid Yahya Bakuvi and other representatives of the Khalwatiyya as well. The conference participants might be attracted also by the information on the thinker and the sect in the Azerbaijani scholars’ studies, particularly in J.Hajiyev’s monographic work on Sheikh of Khalwatiyya Yusif Mouskouri, which was published in Stockholm in 2006 in four languages – Azerbaijani, Turkish, Russian and English.

Nasrin Alaskarova, the Azerbaijani researcher of the sect Gulshaniyya is accomplishing her doctoral dissertation on the sect Khalwatiyya. Among the latest fundamental studies published in the Republic are Azada Musabeyli’s book “Sheikh Ibrahim Gulshani Bardai and His Turkish Diwan” (Baku, 2012) and Turkish scholar Mehmet Rihtim’s book “Seyid Yahya ash-Shirvani al-Bakuvi Shafa al-Asral” (Baku, 2010).

The comparative analysis of Bakuvi and Mouskouri’s treatises published by M.Rihtim and J.Hajiyev can evoke a special interest from the point of view of the study of the philosophical world outlook of the Khalwatiyya.

The readers of the journal “The Problems of Oriental Philosophy” and the internet visitors can find information on Seyid Yahya Bakuvi’s legacy and the sect Khalwatiyya on the and

On the given sites and pages of the mentioned journal we are ready to publish Your views on the above-stated questions as well as the ones which you can propose in connection with the study of Seyid Yahya Bakuvi’s legacy and the sect Khalwatiyya.

We are also interested in Your opinion about the problems presented in the Internet Forum dedicated to the study of the history of the philosophy of the Islamic world in the context of the history of the world philosophy (

Author : Admin | Date: 1-06-2013, 13:25 | Views: 0