Problems of Oriental Philosophy
INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL
THEORY OF SUBSTANTIAL MOTION BY MOLLAH SADRA

THEORY OF SUBSTANTIAL MOTION BY MOLLAH SADRA

THEORY OF SUBSTANTIAL MOTION BY MOLLAH SADRA AND CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS

Dr. Cavad Heyat,
member of Paris Surgery Academy


Mollah Sadra, great Islamic philosopher from Shiraz, interprets the motion as gradual transition from potential (force) state to actual (activity) state. Capacity with its potential or power but yet-unrealized, manifests itself at the level of definitions only. This potential (force) evolves, gradually and consistently, into the activity; gets out of possibility to transform into reality. The potential gradually weakens (futility) to give way to the activity through what takes place. Hence, the motion is transformed from the possibility into the reality. Thus, as an apple ripens, it loses the state of unripeness to evolve into the state of ripeness.
Let’s consider how the transition process from unripeness to ripeness occurs.
According to representatives of the classic philosophy, including materialists, in the course of motion and changes the body – its outward manifestations change, however, the essence remains unaltered; otherwise, the body will come to naught and its transferences become uncertain.
In Mollah Sadra’s opinion, the motion arises in the body’s inner; and the outward motion – transformations are none other than signs of the motion. Hence, the motion lies in the gist of the object, and is sustainable and incessant.
Movlana Jalaladdin Rumi had his say about it 700 years ago:
The universe does change every moment
But we drag out our existence in a state of ignorance
Philosophical views of Mollah Sadra blend with results of research into micro- and macro-world. Today, it is universally recognized that the atom is regulated by the motion. Elementary particles are characterized by corpuscular and undulating features, ever in motion.
Great philosopher and mathematician of the 20 century Bertrand Russell adopts the universe’s origin from cases and explains the being as entity in perpetual motion.
Ancient philosopher Heraclites believed the motion to be the basis of the universe and likened the being to river-torrent. He used to say that “fire is the basis of everything” and that “fire is notable for eternal fluctuation and transformations”.

Author : Admin | Date: 9-11-2012, 02:38 | Views: 0