Problems of Oriental Philosophy
INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL
A History of Islamic Philosophy

Contents

Preface to the First Edition

Preface to the Second Edition

Introduction

Chapter One. The Legacy of Greece, Alexandria, and the Orient

I.                    The Near Eastern Scene in the Seventh Century

II.                 The Translations of Philosophical Texts

III.               Neo-Platonic Elements: The Apocryphal Theologia Aristotelis and the Liber de Causis

IV.              Persian and Indian Influences

 

Chapter Two. Early Political and Religious Tensions

I.                    The Religio-Political Factions

II.                 The Rise of Islamic Scholasticism (Kalam)

 

Chapter Three. Beginnings of Systematic Philosophical Writing in the Ninth Century

I.                    The First Creative Philosophical Writer in Islam: Al-Kindi

II.                 The Rise of Naturalism and the Challenge to Islamic Dogma: Ibn Al-Rawandi and Al-Razi

 

Chapter Four. The Further development of Islamic Neo-Platonism

I.                    Al-Farabi

II.                 Ibn Sina

 

Chapter Five. Neo-Pythagoreanism and the Popluarization of the Philosophical Sciences.

I.                    Philosophy, the handmaiden of Politics

II.                 The Mathematico-Philosophical Presuppositions of the Brethren

III.               The Cosmology and Metaphysics of the Brethren

IV.              The Psychology and the Epistemology of  the Brethren

V.                 Conclusion

 

Chapter Six. The Diffusion of the Philosophical culture in the Tenth Century

I.                    Abu Hayyan Al-Tauhidi

II.                 Miskawayh

III.               Yahia b. ‘Adi

 

Chapter Seven. The Interaction of Philosophy and Dogma

I.                    The Eclipse of Theological Rationalism

II.                 The Ash’arite school and the Formulation of the Occasionalist Metaphysics of Atoms and accidents

III.               The Systematic Refutation of Neo-Platonism: Al-Ghazali

 

Chapter eight. The Rise and Development of Islamic Mysticism (Sufism)

I.                    Ascetic Origins

II.                 Pantheistic Tendencies: Al-Bastami (or Al-Bistami), Al-Hallaj, and others

III.               Synthesis and Systematization – Al-Ghazali and Ibn ‘Arabi

 

Chapter Nine. The Arab-Spanish Interlude and the Revival of Perpateticism

I.                    Beginnings of Philosophical Speculation in Muslim Spain: Ibn Masarrah, Al-Majriti, and Ibn Bajjah

II.                 Ibn Tufayl and the Natural Progression of the Mind Toward Truth

III.               Ibn Rushd and the Defense of Aristotelianism

 

Chapter Ten. Post-Avicennian Developments: Illumination and the Reaction against Peripateticism

I.                    Al-Suhrawardi

II.                 The Subsequent Development of Illumination: Sadr Al-Din Al-Shirazi (Mulla Sadra) and his successors

 

Chapter Eleven. Theological Reaction and Reconstruction

I.                    Literalism and Neo-Hanbalism: Ibn Hazm, Ibn Taymiyah, and Muhammad B. ‘Abdul-Wahhab

II.                 Moderation and Decline: F. D. Al-Razi, N. D. Al-Nasafi, Al-Iji, Al-Jurjani and Al-Bajuri

III.               Reaction and Reconstruction: Ibn Khaldun

 

Chapter Twelve. Modern Contemporary Trends

I.                    The Emergence of the Modernist Spirit: J. D. Al-Afghani, Muhammad ‘Abdu

II.                 Modernism in India: Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Ameer Ali, and Muhammad Iqbal

III.               Contemporary Philosophical Scene: Fundamentalism, Modernism, and Existentialism

IV.              Other Recent Developments: Positivism and Socialism

 

Bibliography

 

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