Problems of Oriental Philosophy
Journal Oriental philosophy - 2013


International Journal of "Problems of Oriental Philosophy"

ISSN: 2219-7370

Publisher: Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS)

and Institute Philosophy and Law (IPL) of ANAS

IF(Impact Factor): 0 / 2012


Editor: Dr. Zumrud Kuluzade

Assistant Editor: Phd.Rahil Najafov




Journal of Problems of Oriental Philosophy. Vol.18. (1) 2013 (JOPh Journal)


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Resumes in English, Arabian, Persian, Turkish, German and French

Volume 18. Issue 1. 2013

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Arabian [attachment=11]

Persian [attachment=7] 

Turkish [attachment=6]

English [attachment=9]

German [attachment=10]

 French [attachment=8]

Appendix [attachment=5]

Muhhyiddin IBN ARABI

“Lubb al-Lubb sirru-s sirr” treatise

Taking into account the existence of various and contradicting opinions and differences in the interpretation and evaluation of the philosophic views of Ibn al-Arabi, one of the great thinkers of the Medieval Islamic East, we present the Azerbaijani translation of his treatise Lubb al-Lubb included in Ibn al-Arabi’s Futuhat-i makkiya to you in our journal. The treatise was translated with brief comments into Old Ottoman Turkish by outstanding scholar, Sufi Ismayil Haggi Bursavi Khalvati [1650-1725], the sheikh of the Khalwatiyya sect in the XVI-century Turkish city Bursa. The translation was published five times in different years. The last [5th] edition was published by Turkish scholar Abdulkadir Akchichek in Istanbul in 2000. Taking into account the positive role the small treatise, which has been repeatedly interpreted and published, might play in the study and interpretation of Ibn al-Arabi’s philosophic world outlook, we found it appropriate to present it to modern readers through our journal.


The Problem of the Perfect Human in Sufism: Gazali and Kalvatism


The article deals with the problem of perfection in Sufism, different approaches to the problem, the adherence of these approaches to politics, and the path to perfection suggested by Gazali and recognition of the doctrine by the ruling circles. It follows the formation of Gazali as the wayfarer on the path of Sufism and Sufi thinker as well as the status and role of riyazet [mortification] and khalwat [solitude] in this process. Gazali’s original concept of moral perfection, the perfect man in Sufism and the thinker’s methods of attaining perfection, are especially compared with the modes of khalwat way, the goal of khalwat and its methods in the doctrine of Khalwatism. By exploring the common and distinguishing features of khalwat and riyazet presented in both the doctrines the author elucidates the numerous and various forms of the theory of the perfect man, which is unique in essence in Sufism. Along with designating the moderate and extreme trends in this field, it characterizes both the trends as human attempts in search of moral purity and divine truth. In this regard, it explains the significance of the appeal to khalwat as the way of search and rescue in different periods and the reason for the inclination to this way in different periods. The problem raised in this article is interpreted and described based on the original sources, the works by Gazali and Seyid Yahya.


On the World Outlook and History of the Brethren of Purity


The article raises some problems related to the history and world outlook of the society uniting a group of thinkers who were the authors of the treatises embracing different fields of philosophy and humanities, known as The Brethren of Purity and Faithful Friends [The Ikhwan as-Safa and Khullanu-l Vafa] in the history of philosophic thought of the Moslem nations. Referring to a considerable number of medieval sources and present-day researches, the author attempts to elucidate the problems raised in the article and to base the remarks surveyed through scientific and logical evidences. Here attention is, first, focused on the identification of the personality of the thinkers and scholars representing the society. The adherence of the society to Isma’ilism, one of the grand social and cultural movements of its time, implies that the representatives of the society recognized the existing statement on the formation of the ideological bases of Isma’ilism. The article demonstrates the attitude of Ikhwan as-Safa to Shi’a and Sunni beliefs, Sufism and religions as a whole, and its affinity to the universal values. The article attaches special significance to the philosophic world outlook of the Brethren of Purity, their role in the research and advocacy of various secular and religious sciences and the social views of the society reflected in the doctrine on social utopia. Presented in the light of various and contradicting statements on the society mentioned in science, the article attracts the researchers’ attention.


Prof.Dr. Ahmet Arslan

The Essence and Content of Islamic Philosophy


The article is aimed at studying and interpreting the existence of philosophy in Islam, the fields and ways of its manifestation, the distinguishing features of historical path of development, and the evaluation of its place and role in the context of global philosophy. Two issues draw special attention: the existence of philosophic doctrine in the Islamic civilization as a historical cultural term, and the content of the concept of the Islamic civilization as a phenomenon and its integrity within some geographic boundaries. In the article the reader can find the author’s interesting and peculiar, rather extended and scientific interpretation and presentation of kalam, irfan and philosophic phenomena, and the content of the concepts formulating these phenomena, their common and distinguishing features. The article studies and presents the distinguishing and common features of philosophy and science, a philosopher and a scholar. The research deals with the intersecting contradictory points of philosophy and kalam, the stages of development of both the schools in the Islamic world, the manifestation of all the trends of thought in the Islamic world in the background of religious issues to a certain extent, the importance of their joint study in future researches.


Ph.D. Kamale Nuriyeva

The mean of “ideal society” in the philosophy of Farabi

The mean of “ideal society” and the idea “ideal state management” is in the center of philosophers and the thinkers` attention. When we research the history of utopian concepts we have to attain the utopian conceptions of Islamic cultural region. Amidst of the thoughts of the thinkers Farabi`s ideal society conseption has the special place. Farabi descripted the ideal society in his “Ara-u ahli madinati-l fadila”. Farabi`s ideal society informs about the development lebels of the East social conceptions. The treatise shows the East utopian doctrins is a variety and varied. Farabi classificated human society is consist of differenet groups and noted their creating society and state types. In the article Farabi`s “Madinatu-l fadila” work is analysed in details and talked ancient philosopher Platon`s ideas from his work “State”.